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The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area (AMG) is the urban region resulting from the merger of the municipality of Guadalajara with seven other municipalities with which it shares a conurbation constant which is often referred to Guadalajara, located in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. This metropolitan area is the second most populous in Mexico, after the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico, according to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) in 2005.
The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area, according to the INEGI in 2010, is located in the central part of the Mexican state of Jalisco and is made officially by eight municipalities, of which 6 are considered central municipalities, ie municipalities that have a continuous conurbation, said six municipalities: Guadalajara, El Salto, Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, Tlaquepaque, Tonala and Zapopan, the other two municipalities are: Juanacatlán and Ixtlahuacán of Quinces are regarded as foreign municipalities belonging to the metropolitan area but not part of continuous urban area (conurbation).
The population of the metropolitan area totaled 4,434,878 inhabitants in 2010 and it is estimated that by 2013 will have nearly 4,641,511 inhabitants distributed in the eight municipalities in the area, ie, in a total area of 2,734 km ² with an average density of 1,622 inhabitants per km2, the most populous municipality in the Guadalajara area is with a population of nearly 1.5 million people in contrast to Juanacatlán with just over 13,000 inhabitants, the latter being the least populated of the eight municipalities.
|No.||Municipio||Pob. (hab)||Sup. (km²)||hab/km²|
|5||Tlajomulco de Z.||416,626||714.0||583.5|
|7||Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos||41,060||202.4||202.9|
|Población total del AMG||3,003,868||3,482,417||3,699,136||4,095,853||4,434,8773|
|Tasa de crecimiento medio anual||2,7%||1,4%||1,8%||1,7%||1,7%|
The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area has 57 urban localities according COEPO of them all is the most populous city of Guadalajara with just over 1.5 million people, this city is the only municipality of the same name, the latter with the Juanacatlán municipalities with fewer urban locations (only one per municipality), Tlajomulco de Zuniga has 27 locations, with 7 Tonala, Tlaquepaque with 3, Zapopan with 6, 8 and El Salto with Quinces Ixtlahuacán of 4. The localities of the metropolitan area, for each municipality, are:
Tlajomulco de Zuñiga:
Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos:
For all municipalities involved, belonging to the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara is of great importance, for being the state capital, has been the focus of development and political and economic power, so that municipalities can participate in development projects financed by the State Government on behalf of all municipalities.
This poses new challenges in terms of definition of responsibilities and coordination between the three levels of government, enabling the planning and integrated land management, efficient management of public services and the full exercise of their rights citizens, essential elements for good governance and sustainable development of metropolitan areas. In this context, the identification of the number and size of the metropolitan area is of fundamental interest to decision-making, especially for the different sectors responsible for designing and implementing development policies with a territorial referent.
In certain parts of the metropolitan area of Guadalajara is the standard of living comparable to that of highly developed countries, however, as in the rest of Mexico that is not at all representative of all municipalities, there are also around or periphery of the city, circles of inequality and poverty.
In recent years increased industrial location in the metropolitan area, especially in some industries such as electronics and tip cybernetics, which has printed a new label to the production structure and the appearance of suburban Guadalajara.
economic base Guadalajara Metropolitan Area is based on a diversified industry, the main economic activities in the area are based on the secondary and tertiary sector. The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area is the second biggest country in terms of trade and the third by the volume of industrial production. The conurbation accounts for about 75 percent of Jalisco industries, making it the main center of economic activities in the state. The main activities in the metropolitan area are manufacturing, trade, personal services and maintenance and community and social services.
Número de emergencia