The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area (AMG) is the urban region resulting from the merger of the municipality of Guadalajara with seven other municipalities with which it shares a conurbation constant which is often referred to Guadalajara, located in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. This metropolitan area is the second most populous in Mexico, after the Metropolitan Area of ​​the Valley of Mexico, according to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) in 2005.

 

Delimitation

The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area, according to the INEGI in 2010, is located in the central part of the Mexican state of Jalisco and is made officially by eight municipalities, of which 6 are considered central municipalities, ie municipalities that have a continuous conurbation, said six municipalities: Guadalajara, El Salto, Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, Tlaquepaque, Tonala and Zapopan, the other two municipalities are: Juanacatlán and Ixtlahuacán of Quinces are regarded as foreign municipalities belonging to the metropolitan area but not part of continuous urban area (conurbation).

 

Population and territory

The population of the metropolitan area totaled 4,434,878 inhabitants in 2010 and it is estimated that by 2013 will have nearly 4,641,511 inhabitants distributed in the eight municipalities in the area, ie, in a total area of 2,734 km ² with an average density of 1,622 inhabitants per km2, the most populous municipality in the Guadalajara area is with a population of nearly 1.5 million people in contrast to Juanacatlán with just over 13,000 inhabitants, the latter being the least populated of the eight municipalities.

 

Disaggregation Guadalajara Metropolitan Area (as INEGI, 2010)

 

No. Municipio Pob. (hab) Sup. (km²) hab/km²
1 Guadalajara 1,495,189 151.4 9,874.4
2 Zapopan 1,243,756 1,163.6 1,068.9
3 Tlaquepaque 608,114 110.4 5,506.2
4 Tonalá 478,689 166.1 2,881.9
5 Tlajomulco de Z. 416,626 714.0 583.5
6 El Salto 138,226 87.9 1,573.3
7 Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos 41,060 202.4 202.9
8 Juanacatlán 13,218 138.3 95.6
  Total AMG 4,434,878 2,734.1 1,622.1

 

Total population and growth rate (according to INEGI, 1990-2010)                                                                                                           

 Dato  Año
 1990  1995 2000   2005  2010
 Población total del AMG  3,003,868  3,482,417   3,699,136  4,095,853  4,434,8773
Tasa de crecimiento medio anual   2,7%  1,4%  1,8%  1,7%   1,7%

                                                                                    

Localitations

The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area has 57 urban localities according COEPO of them all is the most populous city of Guadalajara with just over 1.5 million people, this city is the only municipality of the same name, the latter with the Juanacatlán municipalities with fewer urban locations (only one per municipality), Tlajomulco de Zuniga has 27 locations, with 7 Tonala, Tlaquepaque with 3, Zapopan with 6, 8 and El Salto with Quinces Ixtlahuacán of 4. The localities of the metropolitan area, for each municipality, are:

Guadalajara
  • Guadalajara

 

Juanacatlán:

  • Juanacatlán

 

Tlajomulco de Zuñiga:

  • Tlajomulco de Zúñiga

     

  • Cajititlán
  • El Capulin
  • San Miguel Cuyutlán
  • Lomas de Tejeda
  • San Agustín
  • San Lucas Evangelista
  • San Sebastián el Grande
  • Santa Cruz de las Flores
  • Santa Cruz del Valle
  • La Unión del Cuatro (San José del Valle)
  • Zapote del Valle (Zapote de Santa Cruz)
  • Buenavista
  • La Alameda
  • Palomar
  • La Tijera
  • Jardines de San Sebastián
  • Fraccionamiento Rancho Alegre
  • Hacienda Santa Fe
  • Fraccionamiento Real del Valle (El Paraíso)
  • Fraccionamiento Villas de la Hacienda
  • Galaxia La Noria
  • Hacienda Los Fresnos
  • Lomas del Sur
  • Lomas de San Agustín
  • Valle Dorado Inn
  • Colinas del Roble

Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos:

  • Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos
  • Atequiza

     

  • Las Aguilillas
  • La Capilla del Refugio
  • Los Olivos

 

El Salto:

  • El Salto
  • Las Pintas
  • Las Pintitas
  • San José del Castillo
  • San José el Verde (El Verde)
  • El Quince (San José el Quince)
  • Fraccionamiento La Alameda
  • Galaxia Bonito Jalisco

 

Tlaquepaque:

  • Tlaquepaque
  • Santa Anita
  • Paseo del Prado

 

Tonalá:

  • Tonalá
  • Coyula

     

  • Puente Grande
  • La Punta
  • San Francisco de la Soledad
  • Centro de Readaptación Social
  • Paseo Puente Viejo

 

Zapopan:

  • Zapopan
  • Nextipac
  • Nuevo México
  • San Esteban (San Miguel Tateposco)
  • Tesistán (San Francisco Tesistán)
  • La Venta del Astillero

     

  • Fraccionamiento Campestre Las Palomas

 

Economy

For all municipalities involved, belonging to the Metropolitan Area of ​​Guadalajara is of great importance, for being the state capital, has been the focus of development and political and economic power, so that municipalities can participate in development projects financed by the State Government on behalf of all municipalities.

This poses new challenges in terms of definition of responsibilities and coordination between the three levels of government, enabling the planning and integrated land management, efficient management of public services and the full exercise of their rights citizens, essential elements for good governance and sustainable development of metropolitan areas. In this context, the identification of the number and size of the metropolitan area is of fundamental interest to decision-making, especially for the different sectors responsible for designing and implementing development policies with a territorial referent.

In certain parts of the metropolitan area of Guadalajara is the standard of living comparable to that of highly developed countries, however, as in the rest of Mexico that is not at all representative of all municipalities, there are also around or periphery of the city, circles of inequality and poverty.

 

Economic Activities

In recent years increased industrial location in the metropolitan area, especially in some industries such as electronics and tip cybernetics, which has printed a new label to the production structure and the appearance of suburban Guadalajara.

economic base Guadalajara Metropolitan Area is based on a diversified industry, the main economic activities in the area are based on the secondary and tertiary sector. The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area is the second biggest country in terms of trade and the third by the volume of industrial production. The conurbation accounts for about 75 percent of Jalisco industries, making it the main center of economic activities in the state. The main activities in the metropolitan area are manufacturing, trade, personal services and maintenance and community and social services.